In late 2015, The DHS Program began implementing changes to the maternal mortality questionnaires and terminology to clarify the distinction between maternal and pregnancy-related mortality. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2016, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. The average rate in the European Union is 8 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Maternal Mortality Ratio is also being monitored under Millennium Development Goals as per which MMR has to be reduced to 109. The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4): The remainder are caused by or associated with infections such as malaria or related to chronic conditions like cardiac diseases or diabetes. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Kenya was 342 deaths per 100,000 live births. Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) Prevalence of stunting, height for age, male (% of children under 5) Maternal health and newborn health are closely linked. Maternal mortality ratio of Kenya fell gradually from 741 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 342 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Definitions and data sources Further information about indicators and methodology is available at: https://fragilestatesindex.org/. As defined in the Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality Strategy (6), WHO is working with partners in supporting countries towards: (1) Trends in maternal mortality: 2000 to 2017: estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Maternal Mortality Ratio per 100,000 . In 2018, there were 17 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births in the U.S. — a ratio more than double that of most other high-income countries (Exhibit 1). Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) of India for the period 2016-18, as per the latest report of the national Sample Registration system (SRS) data is 113/100,000 live births, declining by 17 points, from 130/ 100,000 live births in 2014-16. Zimbabwe’s MDG target is to reduce MMR to 71 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2015. From 2008 to 2017, there were 197 women reported to have died during pregnancy or within 42 days of the end of pregnancy and a maternal mortality rate of 6.7 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth. Traditional birth attendants at a training. Almost all maternal deaths are preventable, yet in 2017, Sub-Saharan Africans suffered from the highest maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 533 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, or … A New Method for Deriving Global Estimates of Maternal Mortality Wilmot JR et al., Statistics, Politics and Policy, 2012, 3(2): 1-38; Related information. Source: UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (MMEIG) WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank (2013). (1). Please see here for the most recent estimates Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2015 Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division; Methodology. maternal mortality rate Epidemiology The number of pregnancy-related deaths/100,000 ♀ of reproductive age; the number of maternal deaths related to childbearing divided by number of live births–or number of live births + fetal deaths/yr. In contrast, the maternal mortality ratio was three per 100,000 … Severe bleeding after birth can kill a healthy woman within hours if she is unattended. Additionally, four other sub-regions roughly halved their MMRs during this period: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Europe and Northern Africa. 94% of all maternal deaths occur in low and lower middle-income countries. To avoid maternal deaths, it is also vital to prevent unwanted pregnancies. It is 10%. The maternal mortality ratio is a key performance indicator (KPI) for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide. The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2015 is 239 per 100 000 live births versus 12 per 100 000 live births in developed countries. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in several low-and-middle-income countries is alarming, with about 34% of global maternal deaths occurring in Nigeria and India alone. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. (2) Ganchimeg T, Ota E, Morisaki N, et al. https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/, Maternal mortality: Levels and trends 2000 - 2017, Infographic: Saving mother's lives: maternal mortality 1990-2015, Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis, Global Strategy for Women's and Children's health, Guidelines: Integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth (IMPAC). Nearly 303,000 women died due to complications during pregnancy. Maternal mortality rate: the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age … The U.S. maternal mortality rate has more than doubled from 10.3 per 100,000 live births in 1991 to 23.8 in 2014. severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth), high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia). The list of countries with a comparison of this KPI in 1990, 2000 and 2015 are: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Women in less developed countries have, on average, many more pregnancies than women in developed countries, and their lifetime risk of death due to pregnancy is higher. In high income countries, this is 1 in 5400, versus 1 in 45 in low income countries. 400 are women of reproductive age. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. Maternal Mortality Ratio is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). About 295 000 women died during and following pregnancy and childbirth in 2017. 500 are women. The maternal mortality ratio is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Estimates of maternal mortality ratio (MMR, maternal deaths per 100 000 live births), number of maternal deaths, and lifetime risk by United Nations Millennium Development Goal region, 2010..... 19 Table 3. The below online MMR Calculator helps you in the Maternal Mortality Rate Calculation using the number of direct maternal deaths and the number of maternal … The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2017 was 6 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth. Skilled care before, during and after childbirth can save the lives of women and newborns. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is the annual number of maternal deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during … By contrast, the maternal mortality rate (MMRate) is defined as the number of maternal deaths in a … Women die as a result of complications during and following pregnancy and childbirth. The latest available data suggest that in most high income and upper middle income countries, more than 90% of all births benefit from the presence of a trained midwife, doctor or nurse. From 2008 to 2017, there were 197 women reported to have died during pregnancy or within 42 days of the end of pregnancy and a maternal mortality … The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2017 was 6 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth. Despite its very high MMR in 2017, sub-Saharan Africa as a sub-region also achieved a substantial reduction in MMR of nearly 40% since 2000. The reason a cesarean section has a higher rate is that it's a surgery, and surgery has some risks. Maternal mortality rate: the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. Cf Maternal mortality ratio. Maternal mortality ratio / 100 000 2 2013 850 Measles coverage among one year old’s % 2013 46 Wasting % 3 2006 13.2 Acknowledgement In 2014 WHO received financial contributions to support its humanitarian work in Somalia from the Central Emergency Response Fund, Kuwait and the United Nations Development Program Common Humanitarian Fund. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth … Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. It measures obstetric risk (i.e., the risk of dying once a woman is pregnant). Poor women in remote areas are the least likely to receive adequate health care. In 2018, there were 17 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births in the U.S. — a ratio more than double that of most other high-income countries (Exhibit 1). Under the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5, the target is to reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) by three quarters between 1990 & 2015. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. Adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: The Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry study. (6)  Strategies towards ending preventable maternal mortality (‎EPMM)‎.Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's last breakdown of maternal deaths, the U.S. saw a maternal mortality rate of 17.4 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2018, … UNICEF Data: Monitoring the situation of … Improving maternal health is one of WHO’s key priorities. See also: maternal death . It is 10%. It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live births and essentially captures (i) above. Scenario of MMR: Global MMR: 216 maternal deaths for one lakh live births. Most maternal deaths are preventable, as the health-care solutions to prevent or manage complications are well known. BJOG 2014;121 Suppl 1:40–8. By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to fewer than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. maternal mortality ratio: the number of maternal deaths that occur as the direct result of the reproductive process per 100,000 live births. It is particularly important that all births are attended by skilled health professionals, as timely management and treatment can make the difference between life and death for the mother as well as for the baby. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) for Zimbabwe has declined from 960 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2010 to 614 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2014. WHO/UNICEF joint database on SDG 3.1.2 Skilled Attendance at Birth. Global Causes of Maternal Death: A WHO Systematic Analysis. People’s Rep. Korea, Serbia, South Africa, St. Lucia, Suriname, Tonga, United States, Venezuela, RB Zimbabwe. Lancet Global Health. Maternal mortality is unacceptably high. Administering drugs such as magnesium sulfate for pre-eclampsia can lower a woman’s risk of developing eclampsia. Maternal death refers to the death of a woman while … Key Highlights of the Maternal Often referred to as MMR, it is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). WHO works to contribute to the reduction of maternal mortality by increasing research evidence, providing evidence-based clinical and programmatic guidance, setting global standards, and providing technical support to Member States on developing and implementing effective policy and programmes. As white maternal mortality ratios declined more rapidly than those for Black mothers after World War II, the disparity increased until the maternal mortality ratio … (5) World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund. SDG 3 includes an ambitious target: “reducing the global MMR to less than 70 per 100 000 births, with no country having a maternal mortality rate of more than twice the global average”. By comparison, the total number of maternal deaths in 2015 in the 46 most developed countries was 1700, resulting in a maternal mortality ratio of 12 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on the proportion of maternal deaths among non-AIDS deaths in women ages 15-49, fertility, birth attendants, and GDP. This means the country has a lifetime risk of maternal death of 4.62 percent. Maternal and … Chart title: Maternal mortality ratio, by maternal age, 2012-2018. Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a World Health Organization multicountry study. More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia. Trends in estimates of maternal mortality ratio (MMR), maternal deaths and lifetime risk of maternal death, 2000-2017 date_range August 2020 Download spreadsheet. Maternal Mortality Ratio: India, EAG& Assam, Southern States and Other States (per 100000 live births) 2004-06 2007-09 2010-12 2011-13 2014-16 India Total 254 Accessed June, 2013. Maternal Mortality Ratio Maternal death is expressed as Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), which is ratio of maternal deaths during a given time or period for 1, 00, 000 live births in the same period For every 100,000 births, 3 mothers die. In some countries such as Poland, Greece, Finland and Sweden, the rate is even lower at 3 to 4 per 100,000. All women need access to high quality care in pregnancy, and during and after childbirth. The main factors that prevent women from receiving or seeking care during pregnancy and childbirth are: To improve maternal health, barriers that limit access to quality maternal health services must be identified and addressed at both health system and societal levels. (4) Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, Tunçalp Ö, Moller AB, Daniels JD, et al. The United States has the highest maternal mortality rate of any developed country and the maternal mortality rate is higher than it has been in decades. Currently, Nigeria has an estimated Maternal Mortality Ratio of 821 per 100,000 live births. The APACHE II-M model was the predictive model with the highest discrimination and calibration. Sadly, about 700 women die each year in the United States as a … In Sierra … The maternal mortality ratio is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. This translates to reducing the MMR from 560 in 1990 to 140 … Maternal mortality ratio of Kenya fell gradually from 741 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 342 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Maternal death is expressed as Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), which is ratio of maternal deaths during a given time or period for 1, 00, 000 live births in the same period. Customize and download maternal mortality data. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia accounted for approximately 86% (254 000) of the estimated global maternal deaths in 2017. Available at: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/. A woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15 year old woman will eventually die from a maternal cause. In 1915, the maternal mortality ratio for Black mothers (1,065 per 100,000 births) was 1.8 times that of white mothers (601). Reprod Health 2015;12 Suppl 2:S8. Query data. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Ethiopia was 401 deaths per 100,000 live births. • The maternal mortality rate is sometimes referred to as a maternal mortality ratio as the rate is not calculated using an accurate count of all pregnancies that can result in a maternal death, with … The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100 000 live births during the same time period. This translates to 2,500 additional mothers saved annually in 2018 as compared to 2016. CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics’ National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) reports the national maternal mortality rate: the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2016 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released December, 2017. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is the ratio of the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time-period. addressing inequalities in access to and quality of reproductive, maternal, and newborn health care services; ensuring universal health coverage for comprehensive reproductive, maternal, and newborn health care; addressing all causes of maternal mortality, reproductive and maternal morbidities, and related disabilities; strengthening health systems to collect high quality data in order to respond to the needs and priorities of women and girls; and. The four scales discriminated between survivors and non-survivors with areas under the curve > 0.85. Global Causes of Maternal Death: A WHO Systematic Analysis. A study published in 2008 in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that maternal mortality is 2.2 per 100,000 for c-sections and 0.2 per 100,000 for vaginal births. The maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. In the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), countries have united behind a new target to accelerate the decline of maternal mortality by 2030. Injecting oxytocics immediately after childbirth effectively reduces the risk of bleeding. MMRCs have access to multiple sources of information that can provide a deeper understanding of the circumstances surrounding a death than PMSS is able. Often referred … The maternal mortality ratio is 1 out of 10. Monitoring childbirth in a new era for maternal health, Uganda: support from Republic of Korea and WHO for reproductive, maternal, child and adolescent health, Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-2019), Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-19) ». Almost all maternal deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. In late 2015, The DHS Program began implementing changes to the maternal mortality questionnaires and terminology to clarify the distinction between maternal and pregnancy-related mortality. It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live births and essentially captures (i) above. Maternal Mortality Ratio: India, EAG& Assam, Southern States and Other States (per 100000 live births) 2004-06 2007-09 2010-12 2011-13 2014-16 India Total 254 Every day in 2017, approximately 810 women died from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. The maternal mortality ratio is a key performance indicator (KPI) for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide. Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported – Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Kenya was 342 deaths per 100,000 live births. [2] As of the 2015 data published in 2016, the countries that have seen an increase in the maternal mortality ratio since 1990 are the Bahamas, Georgia, Guyana, Jamaica, Dem. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequalities in access to quality health services and highlights the gap between rich and poor. In contrast, the maternal mortality ratio was three per 100,000 or fewer in in the Netherlands, Norway, and New Zealand. Infection after childbirth can be eliminated if good hygiene is practiced and if early signs of infection are recognized and treated in a timely manner. The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2015 is 239 per 100 000 live births versus 12 per 100 … (3) Althabe F, Moore JL, Gibbons L, et al. Overall, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in less-developed countries declined by just under 50%. The maternal mortality ratio is 1 out of 10. Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:) 14100. The calibration was estimated using the mortality ratio and the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic. ensuring accountability in order to improve quality of care and equity. See: rate . National Targets: By 2030, countries should reduce their MMRs by at least two-thirds from their 2010 baseline; countries with the highest maternal mortality burdens will need to achieve even greater reduction.-and- [1] Fragile States Index is an assessment of 178 countries based on 12 cohesion, economic, social and political indicators, resulting in a score that indicates their susceptibility to instability. The death of a woman during pregnancy, at delivery, or soon after delivery is a tragedy for her family and for society as a whole. The vast majority of these deaths (94%) occurred in low-resource settings, and most could have been prevented. [2] The yearly report started in 1990 and is called Trends in Maternal Mortality. The risk of maternal mortality is highest for adolescent girls under 15 years old and complications in pregnancy and childbirth are higher among adolescent girls age 10-19 (compared to women aged 20-24) (2,3). [1] The statistics are gathered by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and the United Nations Population Division. With an exceptionally high mortality ratio compared to other U.S. states, the government of Texas created the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Task Force in 2013.[4][5]. A … The 100-fold decline of maternal mortality is due to the modern scientific understanding of the cause of maternal mortality and the adoption of practices which appear surprisingly simple in hindsight. At the same time, between 2000 and 2017, Southern Asia achieved the greatest overall reduction in MMR: a decline of nearly 60% (from an MMR of 384 down to 157). There are large disparities between countries, but also within countries, and between women with high and low income and those women living in rural versus urban areas. Young adolescents (ages 10-14) face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women. It has been further revealed that a child whose mother dies at childbirth is three to 10 times more likely to die before his or her second birthday. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per … Maternal mortality ratio … The maternal mortality ratio is the most widely used measure of maternal deaths. This KPI was used for the Millennium Development Goals from 2000 to 2015 and is part of the Sustainable Development Goals. Other complications may exist before pregnancy but are worsened during pregnancy, especially if not managed as part of the woman’s care. Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births) Ratio of the number of maternal deaths to the number of live births in a given year, expressed per 100,000 live births. The horizontal bar chart shows that the maternal mortality ratio ranged between 18.7 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth for women aged less than 20 to 2.2 deaths per … Maternal mortality ratio / 100 000 2 2013 850 Measles coverage among one year old’s % 2013 46 Wasting % 3 2006 13.2 Acknowledgement In 2014 WHO received financial contributions to support its … Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) has seen a decline from 130 per 1 lakh live births in 2014-2016 to 122 per 1 lakh live births in 2015-2017. Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) Prevalence of … Between 2003 and 2017, maternal mortality ratio of Ethiopia was declining at a moderating rate to shrink from 972 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2003 to 401 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. The maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time-period. Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for roughly two-thirds (196 000) of maternal deaths, while Southern Asia accounted for nearly one-fifth (58 000). Based on the most recent data from 2018 the maternal mortality rate in the U.S. is 17.4 deaths per 100,000 births. Maternal Mortality Ratio. Context: Recently, the Office of the Registrar General's Sample Registration System (SRS) has released a special bulletin on Maternal Mortality in India 2016-18. This is commendable progress, but the ratio still remains unacceptably high. It is not to be confused with the maternal mortality rate, which is the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the MMR of Nigeria is 814 deaths (per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) Prevalence of … More than half of maternal deaths occur in fragile and humanitarian settings. Synonym(s): maternal mortality ratio Most of these complications develop during pregnancy and most are preventable or treatable. The data are estimated with a … ISLAMABAD: While the federal and provincial governments want to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 70 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2030, it currently stands at 186 deaths … Source: WHO Global … The countries that achieved the lowest maternal mortality ratio are Finland, Greece, Iceland, and Poland. But according to Sustainable Development Goals report 2018,[3] the overall maternal mortality ratio has declined by 37 percent since 2002. Maternal Mortality Ratio per 100,000 . All women, including adolescents, need access to contraception, safe abortion services to the full extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care. The maternal mortality rate gets higher with each older age group; women ages 40 and older die at a rate of 81.9 per 100,000 births, meaning they’re … In 2017, according to the Fragile States Index, 15 countries were considered to be “very high alert” or “high alert” being a fragile state (South Sudan, Somalia, Central African Republic, Yemen, Syria, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chad, Afghanistan, Iraq, Haiti, Guinea, Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Ethiopia), and these 15 countries had MMRs in 2017 ranging from 31 (Syria) to 1150 (South Sudan). 2014;2(6): e323-e333. Pre-eclampsia should be detected and appropriately managed before the onset of convulsions (eclampsia) and other life-threatening complications. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. This is especially true for regions with low numbers of skilled health workers, such as sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Maternal death is the death of a woman while she is pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. It therefore omits the risk of being pregnant (i.e., … 4. Example: There is a town which has 1,000 people. Maternal death rate helps to rate the hospital. However, fewer than half of all births in several low income and lower-middle-income countries are assisted by such skilled health personnel (5). Estimates of maternal mortality ratio (MMR, maternal … Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019. Maternal Mortality Review is a process by which a multidisciplinary committee at the state or local-level identifies and reviews deaths that occur during or within 1 year of pregnancy. These achievements are a result of the quality of care provided in maternal institutional deliveries. Accessed at, Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Task Force, List of countries by infant and under-five mortality rates, List of countries by maternal mortality ratio, Maternal Mortality Ratio vs Maternal Mortality Rate, Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births), Senate Bill 495, 83rd Legislature, Regular Session, 2013, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maternal_mortality_ratio&oldid=987397683, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Least developed countries: UN classification, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 19:39. June 2012 updates. The MMR in low income countries in 2017 is 462 per 100 000 live births versus 11 per 100 000 live births in high income countries. Between 2000 and 2017, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR, number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) dropped by about 38% worldwide. 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