Romans fortified the hilltop of Carcassonne around 100 BC and eventually made it the colonia of Julia Carsaco, later Carcasum. It was under the dynasty of the Trencavels, from 1082 to 1209, that the town began to gain tremendous influence. From dawn to glory. In 122 B.C., the Romans conquered the Provence and the Languedoc. Carcassonne history goes back as least as far as Roman Gaul; parts of the city's fortifications date from 1st century AD. The Count of Toulouse, accused of heresy, and his principal vassal, the Vicomte of Trencavel, are the main target of this attack. During this prosperous period, Catharism grew rapidly. On the summit of an isolated hill rearing abruptly on the Aude’s right bank, the site of the Cité was occupied as early as the 5th century bce by the Iberians, then by Gallo-Romans. Carcassonne may have a rich past but it is even richer in legends. It is huge and completely over-the-top, encompassing no less than 53 towers, strung together by two enormous concentric walls, surrounded by a moat, and punctuated here … Only through the joint efforts of Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille, a historian and a citizen of Carcassonne, of Mérimée and the famous architect Viollet-le-Duc was it saved from demolition. ... Simon de Montfort, then to the King of France in 1224. Bernard Aton IV Trencavel, vicomte of Albi, Nîmes, and Béziers, introduced a period of prosperity for the city with numerous construction projects. Raymond Roger Trencavel, vicomte of Carcassonne (1194-1209) both tolerated and protected the heretics on his own lands. The largest former fortress in Europe, it has played a decisive role in the history of Languedoc. The Cité of Carcassonne is surrounded by a complete fortification for the first time.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',179,'0','0'])); In 1208, Pope Innocent III calls on the barons of the north to mount a crusade against the Cathars, beginning the Albigensian Crusade. Set on fire by the Black Prince in 1355, it was immediately rebuilt. Cité de Carcassonne and Wine Tasting Private Day Tour from Toulouse (From $389.69) Day tour Cité Carcassonne, Lastours castles belvedère,Canal du midi from Castres (From $523.92) Cité de Carcassonne and Canal du Midi Private Half Day Tour from Toulouse (From $324.75) See all Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne experiences on Tripadvisor The Cité and the lands of Trencavel were first handed to the military commander of the crusade, Simon de Montfort, then to the King of France in 1224. The Roman defences were in place by 333 AD, when the town is described as a castellum. The Gallo-Roman walls were rebuilt during the town’s occupation by the Visigoths in the 5th and 6th centuries, but the original structure remained in place. Sat proudly atop a hill in the Aude valley and complete with towers, drawbridges, cobbled streets and a castle, visiting the Cité de … Update my browser now. First, the Gauls occupied the area in the 6th century B.C. Occupied since the 6th century BC, Carcassonne was a Roman city before being a medieval city. In 1107, the citizens rejected his sovereignty and called on Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona to remove him. Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! The largest former fortress in Europe, it has played a decisive role in the history of Languedoc. Viollet-le-Duc’s work was criticised during his lifetime as inappropriate to the climate and traditions of the region. Around 300 B.C., the Volques Tectosages brought the Iberians of Languedoc to submission. Carcassonne History Une Ville, une Cité, une Histoire. The shallow-pitch terracotta tile roofs and red brick … While this new town was bustling with activity, the Cité consolidated its role as a royal fortress. Founded during the Gallo-Roman period (1st century BC – 5th century AD), the Cité de Carcassonne is a spectacular medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-box-3','ezslot_8',178,'0','0'])); The citadel derives its reputation from its 3km-long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. The citadel derives its reputation from its 3km-long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. The Cité remained in their hands from 460 to 725 A.D. Discover the history of the Hôtel de la Cité Carcassonne - MGallery by Sofitel, which was once part of a medieval fortress. The citadel derives its reputation from its 3km-long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. Château et remparts de la cité de Carcassonne In Cathar country, at the heart of the fortified city, discover the château of the Counts of Carcassonne and the ramparts, a UNESCO World Heritage site. In 1120, there is a second revolt, but Bernard Aton re-establishes order a few years later. In 1096, the vicomte of Trencavel authorized the construction of the basilica of Saint-Nazaire with the blessing of Pope Urban II. The fortified city of Carcassone fortified city attracts nearly 4 million visitors each year. They were driven away in 759 by Pépin le Bref, king of the Franks. With the long history of fortifications on the hill that is located in the right bank of river Aude, Cité de Carcassonn was built initially by Romans and finished by French. 2,500 years of history, and massive 13th-century fortified walls, watchtowers, ramparts, and a castle call medieval sieges to mind. A Brief History of the Cité of Carcassonne. Fortifications were abandoned and the town became one of the economic centres of France. Raimond-Roger Trencavel surrenders quickly on the 15th of August in exchange for the lives of the citizens. In 1224, Raimond II Trencavel retakes the Cité. Named a World Heritage Site in 1997, Cité de Carcassonne has a history spanning more than 2,000 years. Cité de Carcassonne attracts as many visitors each year as the more-famous Mont Saint-Michel. The citadel was restored at the end of the 19th century and in 1997 it was added to UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites. The fortified medieval city dates to the Gallo-Roman era. But due to the use of new war techniques (gunpowder, cannon) and above all to the recession of the Franco-Spanish border in 1659 after the Peace of the Pyrénées, it was gradually abandoned. … The imposing walls combined with 52 towers and four entrances make for quite the spectacle! As the Cité made its entry into the Royal Estate, its destiny took a new turn. In 1849 the French government decided that the city fortifications should be demolished. The oldest traces of man - 6th century B.C.- were found on the promontory where the Cité lies. A Roman tower housed the Medieval Inquisition. In southern France’s Languedoc region, you will find La Cité de Carcassonne, a magnificent medieval walled city and one of France's most famous monuments. Visit the Medieval Cité de Carcassonne. The medieval citadel at Carcassonne, known as 'La Cité', dominates Languedoc's tourism map. Cité de Carcassonne: Private Guided Tour Reviewed by Anne, 10/13/2019 There were a group of seven of us and we all thoroughly enjoyed our tour. The streets located inside the citadel are a winding labyrinth of cobbled streets and winding alleyways, half the fun is … He suffered the first impact of the crusade preached by Pope Innocent III and on August 15th, 1209, after a two-week siege, it was all over. It bears witness to 1000 years of military architecture and 2600 years of history. It is full of history and legends. Update your browser to view this website correctly. From that time forth, the Cité becomes a royal domain. Carcassonne is essentially a castle that is also a city (La Cité de Carcassonne) around which the modern city, or Ville Basse, grew. This medieval citadel has over 2,500 years of history and is surrounded by a double enclosure that stretches for 1.9 miles. His lands are given to Simon de Montfort, the leader of the crusaders. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. They fortified the oppidum which took the name of Carcaso, and occupied our region until the middle of the 5th century. Founded during the Gallo-Roman period, the citadel derives its reputation from its 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. Home Carcassonne Carcassonne Cité History of the cité de Carcassonne An open-air book which tells the story of a thousand years of history You can turn the pages from the Romans to Viollet-Le-Duc, the 19th century, romantic saviour of a ruined monument. Construction continued into the reign of King Philip IV in the early 14th century.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_13',181,'0','0'])); In 1659, after the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the town lost its military significance. An important tourist site, it is known as a centre of the Cathars. This decision was strongly opposed by the local people. Cité de Carcassonne is one of the most famous European fortified cities, created in the department of Aude, in the French region of Languedoc-Roussillon which is in the Southern part of France sharing a border with Spain. Carcassonne is a fortified medieval walled city in southwestern France. The Château de Foix is a castle which dominates the town of Foix in the French département of Ariège. In the 18th century, the Cité was little more than slum, a poverty-stricken, outlying area in a town made wealthy by the wine trade and the cloth manufacturing industry. In 1130, he starts construction of a palace for himself and restoration of the Gallo-Roman fortifications. The History of Carcassonne. At the beginning of its history it was a Gaulish settlement then in the 3rd century AD the Romans decided to transform it into a fortified town. The Roman defences were in place by 333 AD, when the town is described as a castellum. But first things first. Then the Romans established a town there and built the ramparts around the 3rd century A.D. At that time, this small administrative and commercial centre was called Carcaso. A period of terror ensues, with numerous massacres and the Inquisition. Even if you don't know this city, a visit here will captivate your imagination. While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Cité de Carcassonne is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. History buffs will love visiting la Cité de Carcassonne, France. History and geography of the town of Carcassonne, France. Of course, the main reason to visit Carcassonne is for its stunning medieval cité. The Medieval Cité lies within the modern city of Carcassonne in the Aude department, of which Carcassonne is the prefecture, in the former province of Languedoc. However, with the help of Bertrand, Count of Toulouse, Bernard Aton regains control of the Cité. It was classified as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997 and welcomes more than 3 million visitors annually (about the same amount of people who visit Mont Saint Michel each year). The Visigoths then became the masters of Spain and the Languedoc. He cedes it to Louis VIII of France, but Raymond VII of Toulouse and the counts of Foix ally themselves against him. The architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was charged with renovating the fortress. Founded during the Gallo-Roman period (1 st century BC – 5 th century AD), the Cité de Carcassonne is a spectacular medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne.. The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne, on a hill on the overlooking the River Aude. The town has about 2,500 years of history and has seen the Romans, Visigoths, Saracens and Crusaders. When he dies in 1218 at the siege of Toulouse, his son, Amaury de Montfort, takes possession of the Cité, but is unable to maintain it. Under the successive reigns of Louis IX, Philippe Le Hardi and Philippe Le Bel, it grew its modern-day shape. During this period, the inner, Roman walls were largely demolished and replaced, while the new outer walls were reinforced and extended to the south. (0.03 mi) Auberge de Jeunesse Hi Carcassonne (0.03 mi) Hotel Dame Carcas (0.08 mi) La Posada del Castillo B&B (0.08 mi) Hotel de la Cite Carcassonne - MGallery Collection; View all hotels near Cathar Castles on Tripadvisor Carcassonne is a French fortified city in the department of Aude, in the region of Occitanie. In 462 the Romans officially left and the Visigothic king Theodoric II built more fortificationsat Carcassonne, some of them still stand. The Ultimate Guide to French Revolution Sites, 9 of the Best Ancient Amphitheatres in France. Although the outer curtain wall of the cité is French, and the whole site has been substantially restored, the Château Comtal has a strong claim to be called a " Cathar Castle ". Well both, really. In 1067 Carcassonne became the property of Rai… The imposing fortifications of the city of Carcassonne occupy a rocky outcrop that dominates the course of the Aude. Destroyed and rebuilt. The main part of the lower courses of the northern ramparts dates from Gallo-Romantimes. This bastide, which was thoroughly restored from 1853 by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997. At the beginning of its history it was a Gaulish settlement then in the 3rd century A.D., the Romans decided to transform it into a fortified town. The ori… The vicomte dies in his own chateau on 10 November 1209. The town has about 2,500 years of history and has been occupied in different ages by Romans, Visigoths, and Crusaders. Located at the strategic intersection of two historic trade routes, from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and from Spain to the center of France, Carcassonne's defenses were strengthened by successive owners. 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